Bolpur-Shantiniketan is one of the ideal ends of the week entryway goals for the general population who are eager to travel. It’s an awesome alleviation from metropolitan’s dazed pace and contamination. It is 145km far from Kolkata.
The red soil of Birbhum, the green backwoods, the natural air, the lovely situation of the bank of stream Kopai, the remainder of Khoai made by precipitation amid rainstorm pull in voyagers by its own excellence.
The general population of the region is extremely guiltless and dear to everybody. Rabindranath Tagore’s Vishwa-Bharati Vishwa Vidyalaya is the fundamental fascination of the place. It is an International University and an incredible focus of Oriental instruction and culture.
Bolpur subdivision is situated at the southern outskirt of Birbhum area. Around 150 years back Bolpur was a little village under supur porgana. But now it has turned into a global city. Kalikapur a known place of Bolpur was the root of the village in the past. In the past, it was a commonplace town. There were no rail lines, no created streets. Paddy land was seen around the town. “Lalmati”(red soil) were discovered all over the place. Numerous towns named Sian, Dihipara, Khosakdampur, Paruldanga, Goalpara, Ballavpur, Bandhgara, Surul, Supur, Raipur were the limit line around Bolpur.
East India organization set up the principal railroad line in 1859 when the Sahebganj loop line was reached out past the waterway Ajay. Bolpur railroad station was built up in 1860. Alongside this foundation, Court, Police Station, Sub Registry office and so forth. Were additionally settled in old Bolpur. At that point, individuals began dwelling here. Christan preachers came and they discovered church which was known as Mission compound. Paddy stockpiling house, stationery shops, grocery shops, piece of clothing shops and so forth were situated on the east side close Bolpur railroad station. About 19’s husking machines were arranged here in that time.
Maharshi Debendranath Tagore built up the focal point of Religious intercession in Bolpur. Rabindranath Tagore set up Visva Bharati Viswavidyalaya. These were the principle explanations behind the enormous extension, development, and prevalence of Bolpur. Commonplace names Proved the forthcoming steady development of Bolpur. Kachharipatti is simply close to the courthouse, Trishulapatti is the business paddy exchanging focus. Kalibaroarytala was the servical put for Bolpur set up by some drive individuals. Here Netaji made a meeting. Here Harisava remained against “Bramhopasana”. In everyweek, these two conferences were held in Bolpur. Bijaykrishna Goswami, Shivnath Shastri, Shasibhusan Basu like numerous wise men gave religious advice. Close to this, supplication panel was likewise set up.
Santiniketan has a particular character of culture and legacy, which gives the place a novel delicate touch. Shantiniketan was already called Bhubandanga (named after Bhuban Dakat, a nearby dacoit). Tagore family came to be possessed this place. Rabindranath Tagore’s dad Maharshi Debendranath Tagore pulled in by the beauty of this place and built up Shantiniketan in 1863. In 1901, At one phase he understood that plain Hinduism is insufficient for the general public, as he was exceptionally instructed in Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, and numerous Western dialects, he felt that Vedic educating was incomparable. He began worshiping of “Nirakar Brahma” or the God with no face, as the general population of Vedic time did.
This was somewhere in the range of three thousand years back, Maharshi Devendra Nath established The Brahmo Samaj or the supporters of God with no face. This organization will have no Religion, no worshiping of Idol, lecture peacefulness, no give up of creatures, winged animals in the sanctuary premises, no station framework, each body will take after the way of life as said in the Vedas. Gone along with him the exceptionally taught bangalies. Maharshi first manufactured a place and used to supplication under Chhatim tree known as Chhatimtala. His capable child Gurudev Ravindra Nath Tagore additionally went along with him soon. He set up Santiniketan in the year 1901.
In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore set up a Bramhacharya school here, which later came to be known as the Patha Bhavan, the school of his beliefs, whose focal introduce was that learning in a regular habitat would be more charming and fruitful. After he got the Nobel Prize (1913), the school was ventured into a college. Numerous world acclaimed instructors have ended up related to it. Indira Gandhi, Satyajit Ray, and Amartya Sen are among its more distinguished understudies.
Cultures & Festivals:
Basanta(Holi) Utsav at Bolpur Santiniketan:
It is a brilliant celebration for all Indians and known as Holi. It happens toward the finish of winter when spring accompanies its excellence. Falgun and Chaitra as per the Bengali schedule is the period of Dol Utsav. Amid this season nature demonstrates its own particular excellence with bright blooms of Palash, Shimul and so on.
Rabindranath Tagore began Dol Utsav in his establishment with vivid social projects. It coincides with Holi. The understudies of Visva-Bharati observe Basanta Utsav in an extremely extraordinary way. They make the celebration more vivid and alluring to all originated from outside the locale and furthermore from abroad by their glorious live execution.
Organized by the department of Kala Bhavan, Nandan Mela is a special attraction for those who love arts, which is celebrated at the beginning of the month of December. Held to recall the birth anniversary of a famous master figure of contextual art & one of the most pioneers of the Indian art- Nandalal Bose.
In the year 1922, after taking all the charges of Kala Bhavan, he reshaped the institute & redesigned the structures as well as sculptures and aspired to bridge the difference between fine arts & living traditional art. He believed to have an annual art fair for the local people of the state.
Various activities are usually held here which include Painting, Designing, Ceramics, Sculptures, Graphics, and Art History Department which are involved by the students. Made by the teachers and students., there are many stalls available having craftwork items like diaries, stationery, fashion jewelry, paintings, printings, clay plates and ceramics, wood and metal sculptures for sale at affordable prices.
Characterized by its live performances in the fair offers a perfect insight of the prime cultural festival of Birbhum district in West Bengal.
Celebrated for 3 days in the mid of December, this famous festival brings to an end of the year in Shantiniketan. The main attractions of it are the live performances of Bauls (mystic minstrels), Bengali folk music and dance. Tribal dance of Bengal, known as Santali also draws a major attraction to the festival apart.
A 3-days festival which is named after the famous poet Jaydev Kenduli provides various opportunities to stumble across many Bauls. The festival takes place in mid-January during Makar Sankranti. Celebrated on the banks of river Ajay.
A festival of poems that takes place in the month of July-August during monsoon. Poets bewitched by the beauty of nature and compose poems and songs at this time. Cultural shows take place during this time.
How to reach Shantiniketan
By Air: Nearest airport from Bolpur, Shantiniketan is Dum Dum Airport at Kolkata which is at a distance of about 213km by road.
By Rail: Nearest railway station is Bolpur railway station at only 2km away. All the trains connecting from the main town throughout the rest parts of the country run from here.
By Road: Bets local transport is Cycle-rickshaw. Buses & tourist cars are available easily from railway or bus stations.