When it comes to wonders and remarkable sites, Ajanta and Ellora Caves remain on the top. This masterpiece is situated in Aurangabad, Maharashtra depicting its ancient and historical importance. The rock architecture and sculptures of Ajanta Ellora Caves have amazing stories to tell. These two caves have approximately 100km distance between them but their names are taken together. There are several similarities between the both and it never fails to astonish us. 

In this article, you will get to know more about Ajanta Ellora Caves history and know why these caves are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The rocks of the caves have amazing stories to tell. 

Let’s explore what makes Ajanta and Ellora Caves special. 

Top Fascinating Things About Ajanta And Ellora Caves

Explore what makes the Ajanta and Ellora Caves the talk of the town. Dive into amazing facts and the history of these caves. 

Religious Background 

The Ajanta Caves is located on the Western Deccan Plateau. All the Buddhist Art and traditions are showcased on the sculptures and rocks of the Ajanta Caves to promote Buddhist religious art. The paintings narrate Jataka Tales and describe the previous births of Gautam Buddha

The 34 Ellora Caves are located at Charanandri Hills. This cave has seventeen Hindu caves, twelve Buddhist caves, and five Jain caves. It depicts the Mahayana philosophy of Buddhism. It is most famous for its Kailashnath Temple. Among rock-cut Hindu temples, this temple is the largest. Mahabharata and Ramayana scenes have been described in the temple’s hall. 

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UNESCO Heritage Site 

Due to its historical and religious significance, both Ajanta and Ellora Caves were recognized as world heritage sites in 1983. They both set an example when it comes to ancient sculptures, paintings, readings, and more. The Ellora Caves act as evidence of co-existence between various religions. 

Caves Origin and Time Period

There is a time gap between the origins of both caves. Ajanta Caves came into existence in the 2nd century BCE but were partly build that time and later developed in 400 to 650 CE. On the other hand, the  Ellora Caves date back from 600 to 1000 CE and were built under the Rashtrakutas, Kalachuris, Chalukyas, and Yadavas dynasties.

Rock-cut Wonders 

Through amazing craftsmanship, various rock-cut designs have been made and executed perfectly. Beautiful paintings have been made and creative sculptures are also a big part of these caves. It depicts the buddhist art and culture accurately to the visitors. 

Therefore, the rock-cut designs make the Ajanta Ellora Caves one of the most renowned sites in the world. 

Ellora’s Multi-Regional Site

All of the paintings, sculptures, and rocks in Ajanta Caves depict the Buddhist culture whereas the Ellora caves are multi-regional. It tells about the three religions that are Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. There are various sculptures in Ellora that not only define the Buddhist traditions and art but also light on the other Indian religions. 

Expert Craftsmanship 

One can witness the effort in the craftsmanship of these caves. Ajanta Ellora Caves history has been perfectly depicted by the people who put in the effort to build such a masterpiece. It perfectly describes the mythological stories and royalty. The caves perfectly describe the beliefs of the people in ancient times. 

Caves as Monastries 

In the early 2nd century BCE, the Ajanta Caves served as quarters for Buddhist monks. The monks could hold discussions in the halls, and meditate in the cells. There were also stupas for other rituals. 

Preservation of Heritage Sites

It is important to look after our ancient monuments with the passing of time. Due to weathering, the caves are being affected. Human activities have also tremendously affected the caves which makes it even more difficult to conserve our sculptures, paintings, and structures. 

Best Time to Visit Ellora Caves and Ajanta 

The best time to visit Ellora Caves and Ajanta is from July to March. Plan your visit to Ajanta Ellora Caves in the months of July to September which is basically a monsoon period. There will be less heat and you can explore the sculptures with more ease and comfort. You can also plan your trip from November to March to escape the heat and make the best use of your holiday with your friends and family. Another profit is that there will be less crowd in these months. 

You can witness the beauty of Ellora Caves from sunrise to sunset. The Ellora Caves timings are from 8 in the morning to 5:30 in the evening. 


The two Maharashtrian wonders Ajanta and Ellora Caves have set their benchmark in rock-cut architecture. One must visit both sites to learn more about Buddhist culture and art. People need to preserve such architecture for future kids to know more about our rich culture and heritage sites.

Reach out to Noble House Tours Pvt. Ltd. to get valuable service in terms of comfort and convenience on your trip. From vehicles to best guides, provide all to our guests. Proceed with your travel plan and book your tickets now. 

Also Read: Best Time To Visit Ajanta Ellora Caves